Hinduism is a set of eternal (Sanātana) spiritual principles/practices (Dharma), cradled in and currently practiced largely in the Indian Subcontinent in recent millennia, but practiced in a much larger area in really old times. It is thus known technically as Sanātana Dharma (Eternal Truth/Principles/Practice).
Veda (The Word) forms the preeminent foundation for Sanatana Dharma. Vedanta, the end portions of Veda, explains the spiritual, while the earlier portion of the Veda called Karma-kanda deals with our material aspirations and the various appropriate rituals/sacrifices to satisfy them.
But who are we? What’s all this around us? From where has all this come and where is all this going? And where has Veda itself come from? All these and more are explained per Vedanta in the below treatise by Sri Yogi Parthasarathy Aiyangar.
- Tattva Traya or Aphorisms on The Three Verities, Soul, Matter and God, translated in 1900 by Yogi Parthasarathy Aiyangar.
- Tattva Traya, Contemporary English translation (1970) by Gwalior Satyamurthi Ayyangar. This translation supplements the above one (by Yogi Parthasarathy Iyengar) for contemporary study for easier understanding.